Presented by Olufunke Amobi, Country Head, Human Capital, Stanbic IBTC.
Compiled by ‘Kunle Ajayi, Co-founder Enterprise Innovation Laboratory.
The future of work is already upon us, and Technology clearly defines it. This implies that the work or Jobs of the future belongs to those who can maximise and explore modern Technologies to their advantage. By the year 2025, which is just about eight years from now, many jobs would have been taken over by Technology, because the rapid transformation experienced in the world in the last fifty years is six times more than that experienced in the thousands of years of world existence.
This means that there are bound to be job losses. However, the good news is that there would be so much more jobs… Only for those who are prepared for it. We are already in the fourth industrial revolution. Which means that we’ve had three previous revolutions and they are:
1) The mechanised or Agricultural revolution
2) The Electrical or mass production revolution
3) The internet or Jet age revolution
4) The digital revolution.
The digital revolution is characterised and dominated by Robotics, Artificial intelligence AI, Machine learning, Virtual reality VR, Augmented reality AR etc. These technologies are already prepared to take away jobs and replace them. For instance, Robotics would take care of Admin/paper works, clearing, investment/financial analysis etc. Artificial intelligence AI would take care of voice recognition, cybersecurity, Biometrics etc. Machine learning would efficiently handle Data Science, predictive analysis and so forth. In fact, Larry Page, one of the founders of Google said that AI is the future of Google Search engine. Meaning that Google Search engine would merely be taken over by AI.
Some of these technologies are already on us. We have seen the Drive through mall in Saudi Arabia, The Uber Air Taxi, Pepper robot by Stanbic IBTC Bank, Alexa on Amazon that has over 3,500 skills & growing, Driverless Taxi, Robotic Waiters, IBTC Sami on Facebook that can help you open your account without battling an eyelid and a whole lots more. They are already in use. Globalization would be diverse and exciting because we would witness a significant rise in Freelancing, outsourcing, E-commerce, Teleconferencing (Skype, VR etc.).
We would also experience an increase in Demography and a change in it as well. The population of the world by 2050 is expected to hit whopping 9 Billion people. Research has it that those born in the 30s, 40s, 50s, 60s & 70s, known as Baby boomers do not have the kind of immunity and life expectancy like those born in the late 80s, 90s & the millennium children. While life stops and slopes downward for the Baby boomer generations, who by 60 have to retire, for the millennial children, life begins for them at 60. Because their life expectancy will be around 100. It would be so because the world is working towards low carbon emissions as well as a Green economy. These millennial children also can redefine things in their way, not to be constructed within the four walls of either classroom or that of an office. It is crucial to say that young people need skills and experience for the Future and not for/of the Past. Jobs are becoming 70% Automation. Entry level jobs are disappearing. One fact that is worrisome is that 60% of Students are still being trained in Courses that will be radically changed by Automation latest by 2025.
By the year 2025, research has it that people will prefer to work from home and not from the office to avoid hassles, wear and tear. It means there would be a flexible work schedule for plenty of employees as well as several freelancers who have gotten the skills and needed Experience. 32% of current jobs globally would fall away and be in extinction by the year 2020 just two years from now. This would be as a result of innovations, disruptions and productivity. Innovate or die. As young people, we must become Ambidextrous. You must be able to do more than one thing. Be hungry for much. Don’t just stay put with that Old-fashioned sentence… “I’m a Medical Doctor ” or “I’m a Lawyer”… My response to you is… So what can you do? You must have double digit skills. You must evaluate yourself. Don’t have less than a minimum of 10 skills because Enterprise skills are the work of the Future. Where are jobs going to be?
This should guide the courses you would take in the higher institution. If you are a graduate, go back to school either online or On-site and polish your skills. They would be in the following sectors and this order: 1) Media, Entertainment and Information 2) Consumer-focused 3) Healthcare 4) Energy 5) Professional Services 6) Information Communication Technology ICT 7) Mobility 8) Basic and Infrastructure 9) Financial Services and Investors. It would be an aberration and self-injustice this age to go and study Psychology, philosophy, History, Banking and Finance, Business administration etc. Why? These courses are already saturated in the Market. Hence employers are looking for something new! When we have courses in Actuarial Science, Deep learning, Neural Network etc. By the year 2025, Creativity skills would be 260% demanded, Presentation skills would be just 110% demanded while Digital Literacy skills would be 680% demanded.
Therefore, you need to learn new things. Learn second languages like French, Spanish, German, Mandarin etc. Do take note, that 70% of the jobs of the Future would be Enterprise Skills! Finally, look for skills that would make people keep knocking on your door, not the one everybody is doing. Stand out!!! Do not react to this presentation, instead respond to it by Taking Actions. Don’t Learn for the Past, instead learn and acquire skills for the Future!